Surface: 752.610 km²
Population: 8.940.000 inhabitants
Density of population: 10 inhabitants/km²
Official language: English
Official currency: kwacha
Imported products: car pieces, food, textiles, steel, petroleum products
Exported products: lead, copper, zinc, cobalt and tobacco
Brut Intern Product: 1.689 million $
State type: Republic
The most of this country, without a seaside is a big plateau (1000-1400m), with peaks and high mountains. The rivers unite in the south with Zambezi river which goes over Victoria waterfall and the south border. The Luangwa River is situated in a rift valley which has a length of 550 km.
Climate and Vegetation
In the valleys and depressions the climate is tropical but on the pla
teaus the temperature are lower and the climate is better. The biggest quantity of rainfall is between october and march. In Kasama the total amount of rainfall is 130 cm per year, and the medium temperatures are 22°C in February and 17°C in July. Lusaka is more arid, with rainfall of 83cm per year, medium temperatures are 22°C and 16°C. The surface of the country is covered with forests in 40% and the rest is covered with savanah in the south. It exist big hunting places near the valleies Luangwa and Kafue.
70% of the population works in the agriculture, but the people are still out of food. 7% of Zambia surface is used for plant cultivation and 47% for grass lands. The main cultivated plants are corn, nuts, tobacco, sugar cane and cotton. It also exist some comercial agriculture between Lusaka and Livingstone, near the railway. The tobacco is cultivated in the south-east. The main grown animals are cows, goats, pigs and sheep. The Govern helps the development of agriculture but there are some serious problems with earth erosion and dryness.
Mining and Industry
The main source of income and the base of econimy is the copper extraction, but is in decline because of the world market conditions and the decline of reserves. Zambia is the fourth biggest world's producer in the copper band in Mufulira, Nchanga, Kitwe and Ndola. The zinc is the second biggest incomes source from export. Zambia is the second world producer of cobalt. Other deposites in Zambia are lead, coal, gold, silver uranium and smaralds. There are also very powerful food and tobacco's industry. Other industries: transports, textiles, chemicals and cement. From the hydro electric stations is obtained a good part of electric energy in Barajul Kariba on Kafue River.
Zambia has 2.157 km of railway and 37.589 km of roads. The navigal ways are very important on Zambezi River and Luapula River and also on Tanganyika Lake where the main port is Mpulungu.