Vladivostok is the administrative center of Primorsky Krai, Russia, situated close to the Russo-Chinese border and North Korea. It is the home port of the Russian Navy's Pacific Fleet. The city's name means "rule the East" in Russian; in the Chinese language, the city is known as "Sea Cucumber Marsh".
- The city's population was 594,701 as of the 2002 Census.
- From 1958 to 1991, only Soviet citizens were allowed to live in, or even visit, Vladivostok (and even Soviet citizens had to obtain official permission in order to enter the city). Before this closure, the city had large Korean and Chinese populations.
- Vladivostok has one of the largest Armenian communities in eastern Russia. There are a number of Armenian bakeries and restaurants in the city.
- It is located in the Southern extremity of Muravyov-Amursky peninsula, which is about 30 km long and approximately 12 km wide.
- Total city area: 600 kmÂ².
- The highest point is Mount Kholodilnik, the height of which is 257 m. Eagle's Nest Mount is often called the highest point of the city; however, with the height of only 199 m (214 m according to other sources), it is the highest point of the downtown area, but not of the whole city.
- Vladivostok shares the latitude with: Sukhumi, Almaty, Marseille, Tuscany, Boston, and Toronto.
Railroad distance to Moscow is 9,302 km. The direct distance to Moscow is 6,430 km.
Direct distance to Bangkok is 5,600 km, to San Francisco - 8,400 km, to Seoul - 750 km, to Tokyo - 1,050 km, to Beijing - 1,331 km.
Vladivostok's main industries are shipping, commercial fishing, and the naval base. Fishing accounts for almost four-fifths of Vladivostok's commercial production. Other food production totals 11%.
Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, many businesses have opened offices in Vladivostok, taking advantage of its location.
Over fifty newspapers and regional additions to Moscow publications are issued in Vladivostok. The largest newspaper of the Primorsky Krai and the whole Russian Far East is Vladivostok with a circulation of 124,000 copies at the beginning of 1996. Its founder, joint-stock company Vladivostok-News, also issues a weekly English-language newspaper Vladivostok News. The subjects of the publications issued in these newspapers vary from information around Vladivostok and Primorye to major international events. Newspaper Zolotoy Rog (Golden Horn) gives every detail of economic news. Entertainment materials and cultural news constitute a larger part of Novosti (News) newspaper which is the most popular among Primorye's young people.
Two thirds of Vladivostok's suburbs are so polluted that living in them is classified as a health hazard, according to the local ecological specialists, Ecocenter. Some areas, such as those near the printing works in Pokrovsky Park and the Far Eastern National University campus, are so polluted that they are defined as ecological disaster zones. Only a few areas have permissible levels of contamination. Professor Boris Preobrazhensky, a top ecologist at the Pacific Institute of Geography said that there was nowhere in the area that was really healthy to live.
- Niigata (Japan)
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- Busan (South Korea)
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- San Diego (USA)
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