Valencia is a medium-sized port city (the third largest city in Spain) and industrial area on the Costa del Azahar in Spain. It is the capital of the Autonomous Community of Valencia and the province of Valencia. Population of the city of Valencia proper was 796,549 as of 2005 estimates. Population of the urban area was 1,012,000 as of 2000 estimates. Population of the metropolitan area (urban area plus satellite towns) was 1,623,724 as of 2005 estimates. As of 2005, the mayor of Valencia is Rita Barbera Nolla.
Valencia has a Mediterranean climate, with warm dry summers and mild winters.
The ancient winding streets of the Barrio del Carmen contain buildings dating to Roman and Arabic times. The Cathedral, built between the 13th and 15th century, is primarily of gothic style but conta
ins elements of baroque and Romanesque architecture. Beside the Cathedral is the gothic Basilica of the Virgin (Basilica De La Virgen De Los Desamparados). The 15th century Serrano and Quart towers are part of what was once the wall surrounding the city.
UNESCO has declared the gothic silk exchange (La Lonja de la Seda) as a world heritage sight. The modernist Central Market (Mercado Central) is one of the largest in Europe. The main railway station (Estacion Del Norte) is built in art deco style.
World-renowned architect Santiago Calatrava produced the futuristic City of Arts and Sciences (Ciutat de les Arts i les CiiĻncies), which contains a science museum, IMAX cinema, and oceanographic park. Calatrava is also responsible for the bridge named after him in the center of the city. The Music Palace (Palau De La Mišsica) is another good example of modern architecture in Valencia.
Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias (arts and science)
Instituto Valenciano De Arte Moderno (IVAM, modern art)
Museo De Bellas Artes (fine art)
Museo Fallero & Museo Del Artista Fallero (Les Falles)
Museo Taurino (bullfighting)
Museo Del Arroz (rice)
Museo Valenciano de la ilustracion y la Modernidad (MUVIM, various exhibits)
Almudin (various exhibits, mainly art and archaeology).
Valencia has enjoyed strong economic growth over the last decade, much of it spurred by tourism and construction industries.
Valencia's port is one of the busiest on the Mediterranean coast and handles 20% of Spain's exports. The main exports are food and drink (the Valencian region is famous for its oranges), furniture, ceramic tiles, fans, textiles and iron products. Valencia's manufacturing sector focuses on metallurgy, chemicals, textiles, shipbuilding and brewing. Unemployment is lower than the Spanish average. Small and medium sized industries are an important part of the local economy.
The two official languages spoken in the city are Spanish and Valencian. Due to political and demographic pressure in the past, the predominant language is Spanish, as opposed to areas surrounding the metropolitan area in the province of Valencia. The local government makes sure it emphasizes the use of the local language. For instance, all signs and announcements in the Metro are in Valencian, with Spanish translations underneath in smaller type. In relation to street naming policy, new street signs when erected are always given the Valencian name for street (Carrer) however the older street names bearing the Spanish names are only replaced when necessary. This results in a situation where in longer streets both languages can often be seen on street signs.
Valencia is famous for its vibrant nightlife. In the 1980s and 1990s clubbers would follow the "ruta de bacalao" from Madrid to Valencia. Today, bars and nightclubs are concentrated in the Carmen and university areas. As is normal for Spain, nightlife does not take off until after midnight. This article is licensed under the [GNU Free Documentation License]. It uses material from Wikipedia
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