Surface: 236.040 km²
Population: 16.600.000 inhabitants
Density of population: 79 inhabitants/km²
Official language: English and kiswahili
Official currency: Uganda shilling
Imported products: petroleum products, cotton, metals, car pieces, cars
Exported products: tea, cotton, coffee, copper
Brut Intern Product: 3.908 million $
State type: Republic
Uganda doesn't have seaside. It is situated on the plateau of eastern Africa at a medium height of 900 m. The Ruwenzori Mountains in the north have a height of 5.110 m in the Stanley Peak, at the boarder with Zaire. 15% of the surface of the country is covered with lakes the oldest are Victoria, Kyoga, Albert and Edward. The Valley of the Big Rift is situated in the west.
80% of the population works in the sustenance agriculture. Over 30% of the surface is cultivated and 25% is grassland. The main cultivated plants for food are: corn, nuts, vegetables, sweet potatoes, bananas and manioc. Coffee represents over 90% of the exports. They grow 5 million cows, 3-4 million coats and 1.7 million sheep.
Mining and Energy
There were discovered rich deposits of copper and cobalt. Electric energy comes from the hydro-electric stations (96%), especially from Owen Waterfall, near Jinja. They send energy to Nairobi, Kenya.
The country is traversed by Equator but, because of the altitude, the climate is arider and colder on the coast. Victoria Lake produces moist which creates rains and some storms. The south-eastern mountains receive 150 cm rainfall per year. Most of the country's surface has two rainy seasons. Temperatures are uniform, but a little bit higher in the rift and lower regions. The medium temperature in Kampala is 23°C in January, 21°C in June and July and the amount of rainfall is 118 cm. The two rainy seasons are between March and May and between September and November.
Faun and Flowers
The earth is semi-arid in the north-east and savanna with bushes in the north-west and center. The amount of rainfall is bigger in the south and this creates tropical forests. The wild animals aren't so much as in the past, but National Parks have elephants, lions, rhinoceros, giraffes and leopard.
Fishing and Forestry
29% of the country is covered with forests and in the south-west are exploited valuable trees. They have a small export merchant of wood with Rwanda. Uganda has one of the biggest fish industries in the world. The amount of fish captures is 200.000 tones.
The biggest part of development is related with the processing of agricultural products: sugar, cotton, textiles, beer, tobacco, coffee, tea and leather. The cement is produced near the zones with limestone, they also extract copper. The most important industrial cities are: Kampala, Junja and Bugembe.
Population and Cities
It is one of the most populated countries of Africa. 99% are Africans and the rest are Europeans, Asian and Arabian. 70% of the population speaks Bantu language, 16% are Nilotics and the rest are Nilohamitics. The Valley of Nile is the boarder between Nilorics and Nilohamitics. The Bantu live in the south-west.
The total number of tourists per year is over 90.000. The landscapes are wonderful, with tall mountains, the Valley of the Big Rift, rivers, waterfalls and large lakes. Wild animals can be seen in the four National Parks and in many haunting reservations.
There are 1.241 km of railways and 27.222 km of roads. The connection through Tororo to Nairobi and Mombasa is very important.