Surface: 945.037 km²
Population: 29.700.000 inhabitants
Density of population: 31.5 inhabitants/km²
Capital: Dodoma (85.000 inhabitants)
Official language: Swahili and English
Official currency: Tanzanian shilling
Imported products: food, textiles, car pieces, petroleum products, iron and steel
Exported products: coffee, tea, sisal, tobacco, cotton, diamonds
Brut Intern Product: 2.700 million $
State type: Republic
Tanzania has a continental part and 3 coralline islands: Zanzibar, Pemba and Latham. A coast plain is near a plateau with a medium altitude of 1.000 m with valleys and mountains. The highest peak in Africa is here, Kilimanjaro, 5.895 m. A part of Rift's Valley in Eastern Africa cross the country and includes National Park Sere
ngeti. 53.500 km² of Tanzania's surface are lakes, including a part of Victoria Lake, the biggest in Africa.
The coast depressions are rainy with a rainfall of 100-150 cm per year comparative with the interior surface which has 50-100 cm per year. In the interior the rainy season is between November and April. The coast region has 2 rainy seasons and the temperatures are higher. The medium temperatures at Dar es Salaam are 28°C in January and 24°C in July with a rainfall of 100 mc per year. In Dodoma where the altitude is 1.120 m the numbers are: 24°C, 19°C and 56 cm per year.
80% of the people work in agriculture, 6% of the country's surface is cultivated and 40% is used as grasslands. For commerce they cultivate coffee, sisal, tobacco, cotton and coco nuts. The main plant for food is the corn. They grow cows, sheep, and goats. 48% of Tanzania's surface is forests and although cutting trees is a big problem the replant schemes are in increase. Fishing is an important source of food and incomes on the coast and near lakes.
Mining and Industry
There are some natural gases deposits near Songo Island and Kimbiji and also petroleum near Pemba. They extract phosphates, iron, diamonds, gold, stanium and coal. Mining and food industry are the main industries. 59% of the electric energy is obtained from hydro electric stations especially on Pangani Lake near Tanga. The tourism is also an important industry.
The capital is Dodoma but the administrative capital and the biggest city in the country is Dar es Salaam with 757.346 inhabitants. This is also the most important commercial and industrial center.