Stuttgart is a city located in southern Germany, is the capital of the state of Baden-Wi¼rttemberg with a population of approximately 590,000 (as of September 2005) in the city and around 3 million in the metropolitan area.
About Stuttgart :
The City of Stuttgart is subdivided into 23 city districts, among the most well-known are:
Bad Cannstatt (Western Europe's largest mineral spas / Zoo Wilhelma / beer festivals "Cannstatter Wasen" and "Stuttgarter Fri¼hlingsfest")
Moehringen (Musical Theaters)
Stammheim (High-security court & jail)
Unterti¼rkheim (DaimlerChrysler HQ and Original Mercedes-Benz plant)
Vaihingen (One of two campuses of Stuttgart's university)
Zuffenhausen (Home of the Porsche Sports Cars Company)
Feuerbach (Home of original Bosch plant)
ttgart is also the seat of a protestant bishop (Protestant State Church of Wurttemberg) and one of the two co-seats of the bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese Rottenburg-Stuttgart. The pentecostal Biblische Glaubens-Gemeinde ist the largest megachurch in Germany.
Stuttgart's climate is temperate; the yearly average is 10 degrees C. Stuttgart's climate is characterized by its warm summers and mild winters.
The yearly precipitation is approximately 700 mm.
Since the Roman times, the combination of the valley and its mild climate have been put to good wine production use, as seen by the many vineyards throughout Stuttgart.
The roots of Stuttgart date back to the 10th century. In those days, Stuttgart, named Stutengarten, was a stud farm for Herzog Luidolf's horses. Therefore, Stuttgart takes its name and its coat of arms from this stud farm.
The earliest dated records of "Stuotgarten" are from the year 1229. In the 13th century, Stuttgart obtained its city status. Stuttgart was an unknown settlement until the 14th century, when the Count of Wi¼rttemberg took up residency in The Old Palace, located in Stuttgart.
However, it wasn't until 1488 that Stuttgart became the official capital and residence of Count Eberhard. The next century, in which Stuttgart was in the hands of Austria for a short time, was characterized by political and scientific unrest. Throughout history, the City of Stuttgart was often tested, especially during the 30 Years War.
The annual People's Fair was first celebrated in 1818 when King Wilhelm organized the fair for the citizens of Stuttgart.
During the first half of the 19th century, the history of Stuttgart changed. Stuttgart became more of an industrial region, instead of the regal region it had been. Men like Gottlieb Daimler and Robert Bosch started a new era in the history of technology and changed the history of Stuttgart.
During the Second World War, Stuttgart was heavily damaged by several air raids. The buildings were quickly restored after the war, and Stuttgart became the Capital of Baden-Wi¼rttemberg in 1952.
Public Transportation :
Stuttgart, like other cities in Germany, is served by a regional rapid transit system called the S-Bahn. The S-Bahn trains operate on the rails of the Deutsche Bahn AG and are powered with normal traction current (single phase AC, 15 kV/16.67 hertz) taken from overhead wires. Stuttgart also has a light rail system (Stadtbahn in German) which has incrementally replaced the city's tram lines. It runs with DC with a voltage of 750 volts and uses normal gauge. In the city centre as well as in other densely built-up districts of the city, the Stadtbahn runs underground; hence the "U"-symbol for U-Bahn is used to signify it. Because the old tram lines used metre gauge, some of the light rail system's trackage still has three rails.
A peculiarity of Stuttgart is the Zahnradbahn, a rack railway operating from Marienplatz in the heart of the city to the Degerloch district; it is the only urban rack railway in Germany and is powered by electricity. Furthermore, there is a cable car that operates in the city's Heslach district to the forest cemetery (Waldfriedhof), employing cars built of wood. On the Killesberg, a prominent hill in the city, there is a park railway run by diesel (and on weekends with steam), which makes roundtrips through the Killesberg Park. At the forest hostel of the city's public transport provider, there is a small electric tram for children called "Rumpelstilzchen", which is closed to tourists.
Mercedes-Benz LogoApproximately 150,000 companies are located in the Stuttgart region. The area is known for its high-tech industry; some of its most prominent companies include DaimlerChrysler, Porsche, Bosch, Celesio, Neoplan, Hewlett-Packard and IBM, all of whom located their world or German headquarters here. In fact, the Porsche badge, as seen on the front of Porsche cars has this town's name in the centre of the badge, something that is unique amongst the world's vehicle makers. A theory even suggests that also the Ferrari logo "Cavallino Rampante" had its origin in the Stuttgart coat-of-arms. Stuttgart is the place where the motorbike and the four-wheeled automobile were invented (invented by Gottlieb Daimler and Carl Benz, industrialised 1887 by Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in their 1887 Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft), it's hence the starting point of the worldwide automotive industry. Such famous and prestigious brands as Mercedes-Benz, Porsche and Maybach are produced there. Also the very first prototypes of the eventual VW Beetle were fabricated in Stuttgart, based on a design by Ferdinand Porsche.
The region currently has Germany's highest density of scientific, academic and research organisations, and tops the national league for patent applications. More than 11% of all R&D-expenses in the Federal Republic of Germany are generated in the Stuttgart Region (approximately 4.3 billion Euro per year). In addition to several universities and colleges, the area has six institutes of the Fraunhofer Gesellschaft, four institutes for collaborative industrial research at local universities, two Max-Planck Institut, as well as one large-scale research centreÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬'the German Aerospace Centre (DLR).
Stuttgart holds top place of all European Union regions according to the share of employment in high-tech and medium-high tech manufacturing with a figure of 21.0% (2001 data from Eurostat).
Famous people from Stuttgart
Gunther Behnisch - architect
Robert Bosch - inventor (founded the Robert Bosch GmbH)
Gottlieb Daimler - inventor of the motorbike and automobile, founded what would become Mercedes-Benz
Dominic Dobson, race car driver
Wilhelm Maybach - inventor together with Gottlieb Daimler
Ferdinand Porsche - creator of the VW Beetle, founder of the Porsche car company
Roland Emmerich - director
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel - philosopher
Theodor Heuss - First German Post-War President
Jurgen Klinsmann - football player, coach of the German football squad
Hermann Lang - Grand Prix race car driver
Frei Otto - architect
Friedrich von Schiller - famous German poet
Peter Schilling - popular musician and Neue Deutsche Welle artist
Count Stauffenberg - member of the German Resistance who tried to kill Hitler
Richard von Weizsacker - German President, Lord Mayor of Berlin
Bernard Tomic - Tennis child prodigy
Sister cities :
- St Helens, Merseyside, United Kingdom, since 1948
- Cardiff, United Kingdom, since 1955
- St. Louis, USA, since 1960
- Strasbourg, France, since 1962
- Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay), India, since 1968
- Menzel-Bourguiba, Tunisia, since 1971
- Cairo, Egypt, since 1979
- Lodz, Poland, since 1988
- Brno, Czech Republic, since 1989
- Samara, Russia, since 1992