Malaga is a port city in Andalusia, southern Spain, on the Costa del Sol coast of the Mediterranean. Malaga's population is 558,287 (2006).
Malaga was founded in the 8th century by the Phoenicians although there were archaeological indications that prehistoric man got there first. It was later under the control of the Carthaginians, but it was the Romans who converted the region into a city and gave it the status of a confederate city of Rome.
The Arabs captured it in 711 and later this Arab city was conquered by the Catholic Monarchs and reformed to the new Christian dominance. Throughout history the region of Malaga experienced several devastating natural disasters. Famines, epidemic diseases, foods, earthquakes and poor harvests contributed to the tragic 16th a
nd 17th centuries. The 18th century saw a renewal in commercial activity and economic growth mainly due to the discovery of America. Iron, Steel and textile factories were setup making Malaga an important industrial center. Later in the 19th century Spain lost most of its colonies including Cuba which again slowed the commercial sector and the economy of Malaga began to decline.
After the civil war in 1937 another industrial recovery began but the true economic boom happened in the 1950's with the success of the tourism industry. This generated a lot of revenue which again went into developing the city with public works and tourist facilities. Today Malaga is a modern city with lots of historical monuments like Alcazaba and Picasso's house. It has an important commercial port and airport. It has exceptional climate and is one of the main tourist destinations in the Spanish peninsula with the service sector being the basis of the economy.
The city is a popular tourist destination, due mainly to its proximity to the Costa del Sol. There are very cheap flights to Mi¡laga from countries in Northern Europe, particularly the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and Germany.
From Malaga, other cities of Andalucia, like Sevilla, Cordoba and Granada, can be reached by train, bus or car.
A popular walk leads up the hill to the Gibralfaro castle (a Parador), offering extensive views over the city. The castle is next to the Alcazaba, which in turn is next to the inner city of Malaga. By taking the Paseo del Parque, a promenade that runs alongside a park with many palm trees and statues, one can walk from the Alcazaba to the harbour.
Famous people in Malaga:
The painter Pablo Picasso, the 19th-century Spanish politician Antonio Canovas del Castillo and the actor Antonio Banderas were born in Malaga.
The city is served by Malaga Airport. The main rail station is Malaga-Renfe which is connected with Madrid Atocha by Talgo 200. The city has two Cercanias (commuter train) lines and a metro system is under construction.
Buses are the main form of transport around the city. Malaga's bus station is connected with the city by the bus line number 4, although it is only 10 minutes walk to the Alameda from there. This article is licensed under the [GNU Free Documentation License]. It uses material from Wikipedia (malaga history source spanishabroad.com)