Surface: 18.272 km²
Population: 746.000 inhabitants
Density of population: 40 inhabitants/km²
Capital: Suva (77,366 inhabitants + 167,975 inhabitants from Greater Suva urban rgion)
Official language: Fijian
Official currency: Fiji dollar
Brut Intern Product: 1.730 $/inhabitant
State type: Dominion
Fiji is an archipelago formed by around 800 islands situated in south west Pacific. Most of the islands are volcanic and the rest of them coralline. There are two big islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu which represent 87% of the surface of the archipelago. These islands have a volcanic origin and have altitudes which surpass 1.000m with a maximum in Victoria (Tomaniivi) 1.323 m in Viti Levu Island. These two islands are not like the other islands
in Pacific Ocean and have large plains.
Climate, Vegetation and Fauna
The climate of this archipelago is tropical onewith medium annual temperatures very high, around 27°C and total rainfall very rich (in the south west side over 3000 mm per year). The vegetation is characteristic represented by wet tropical forest, very dense, which cover over 65% of the country's surface. There are a lot of exotic plants. The fauna is represented by a few of exotic birds and mammals. In Fiji exists some national parks and some national reservations very important for the vegetation and fauna in the Pacific Ocean's islands.
Population and Cities
The country has 746.000 inhabitants, a birth-rate of 24.8Ã¢â‚¬Â°, a mortality of 4.9Ã¢â‚¬Â°. The urban population is near 37%. The main cities after the capital are: Lautoka City (28.000 inhabitants), Nadi (7.000 inhabitants), Vatukoula (7.000 inhabitants) and Mba (7.000 inhabitants). Around 47% of the population is Indians and 46% is Melanesian and the rest are Chinese and some Europeans. 80% of the population is concentrated on Viti Levu Island which represents 50% of the country's surface. The main religions are Christian (53%), Hinduism (38%) and Islam (8%).
Djibouti is a presidential republic according to The Constitution voted on the 25th of July 1990. The legislative activity is exerted by the president and the Parliament formed by Senate and Representatives Chamber and the executive activity is exerted by the president and the Executive Council voted after legislative elections. The main political parties are: Fijian Political Party, Labors Party, National Federation's Party and Alliance's Party.
40% of the population works in agriculture and tourism which represent the main sources of incomes. 13% of the country's surface is cultivated with sugar cane, rice, potatoes, coco trees, banana trees and pineapple and a lot of these products goes to export. Industries are not very developed but exists some sugar, food and textile factories. The energy is obtained from Monasavu hydro electric power station and from ethanol obtained from sugar cane. They also import petroleum.