Surface: 47.077 km²
Population: 5.162.000 inhabitants
Density of population: 120 inhabitants/km²
Capital: Copenhagen (1.337.000 inhabitants)
Official language: Danish
Official currency: euro
Brut Intern Product: 22.080 $/inhabitant
State type: Monarchy
Geographical Characteristics :
Denmark is situated in the north-west of the Europe. Its relief is represented by a plain marked by the quaternary glaciation and with a maximum altitude of only 173m. The rest of the country's surface is represented by a veritable archipelago in the link zone of the Northern Sea with the Baltic Sea (Iutland Half-Isle is sectioned in the south side on Germany's territory by Kiel navigable channel which unite the two seas). The seaside is very irregular and contains gulfs, lagoons and fio
rds and has a length of 7.500 km.
Climate, Vegetation and Fauna :
The Denmark's climate is oceanic temperate with a rainfall of 800mm per year in Iutland and 500 mm per year in Bornholm Island brought by the western winds. Most of this winds' energy is transformed in electric energy. The medium temperatures in Copenhagen are around 23°C in July and 0°C in January. The forests occupy only 11% of the country's surface and the rest is specific vegetation to the sandy lands which was transformed in cultivated lands and from place to place were planted trees. The fauna is temperate characteristic and is represented by deer, wolf, rabbits, foxes and a lot of birds.
Population and Cities :
The country has 5.162.000 inhabitants, a birth-rate of 12.5Ã¢â‚¬Â°, a mortality of 11.5Ã¢â‚¬Â°. The urban population is over 85%. The main cities after the capital are: Arhus (264.000 inhabitants), Odense (178.000 inhabitants), Alborg (156.000 inhabitants) and Esbjerg (82.000 inhabitants). The minorities in Denmark are represented especially by Germans (2%) and Swedish (2%). The density of the population is maximum in Sjaeliand Island (290 inhabitants per km²) and Fyn Island (132 inhabitants per km²) and the minimum is in Iutland Half-Isle (60 inhabitants per km²), Lolland-Falster (65 inhabitants per km²) and Bornholm Island (80 inhabitants per km²). The main religions are Protestantism (90%) and Catholicism (9%).
Denmark is a constitutional monarchy according to The Constitution voted on June 5, 1953. The legislative activity is exerted by the king and the Folketing and the executive activity is exerted by govern voted in legislative votes. There are 19 political parties and the main are: Conservator Party, Venstre Party, Social-Democratic Party, Progress Party and Christian Popular Party.
The country has a very developed economy, although it hasn't many natural deposits. In the Danish sector of the Northern Sea they extract petroleum (6 millions tones per year) and natural gases (3 billions m³ per year). Other deposits are chalk and sand. Over ¼ of the active population work in industry which is very dynamic and diverse. The traditional industries are naval constructions, diesel engines and food but new industries come from behind: pharmaceutical, electronic and aeolian generators(first place in the world). The main industrial centers are: Copenhagen, Odense, Nakskov, Alborg and Esbjerg. The agriculture is one of the most performing in the world and it is specialized in animal growing for milk and meat. They cultivate grain, barley (used in the beer industry, very famous in the world) and textiles plants. The fishing is very developed with 2 millions tones per year. The transports are very developed because Denmark is the link between Europe and Scandinavia. The tourism brings 2.5 billions $ every year.