Surface: 78.864 km²
Population: 10.298.000 inhabitants
Density of population: 130 inhabitants/km²
Capital: Prague (1.212.000 inhabitants)
Official language: Czech
Official currency: euro
Brut Intern Product: 3.140 million $
State type: Republic
Geographical Characteristics :
The country is situated in the center of Europe. The predominant relief element is the plateau. There are distinguished two important geographical regions: Bohem Massive and Moravia Massive. The first one is situated in the west and is an old plateau with low altitudes, between 300-350 m and 700 m. It has a hill aspect and is drained by the Vltava River and its tributaries and is surrounded by Sudetes Moun
tains (Snezka peak 1.603 m) in the north-east, Krusne Hory Mountains (1.244 m) in the north-west, Sumava (1.372 m) in the south-west and Moravia¡¯s Hills in south-east. Moravia represents a lower passage, between Bohem Mountain and Slovakia, and is formed of the higher basin of Odra in north and the lower one of Moravia in south.
Climate, Vegetation and Fauna :
The climate is temperate-continental with accentuated thermal amplitudes, over 20 Celsius degrees, cold winters with temperatures of -1 Celsius degrees in January in Prague and relative cold summers, 19 Celsius degrees in July in Prague. The amount of rainfall is over 750 mm in the higher regions (over 2.000 mm in the Sudetes Mountains) and in the lower regions between 600-800 mm. The hydrographic network is rich and is distributed to three basins: Northern Sea (Elba and its tributary Vltava), Black Sea (Danube and its tributary Morava) and Baltic Sea (Odra). There are in the mountains leafy and coniferous forests. The fauna is characteristic to Central Europe and there are many protected areas.
Population and Cities :
The capital of the country is Prague and has 1.212.000 inhabitants. The country has 10.298.000 inhabitants. The birth rate is 12.6Ã¢â‚¬Â° and the death rate is 12.5Ã¢â‚¬Â°. 78% of the population lives in cities. The most important cities are: Brno (393.000 inhabitants), Ostrava (332.000 inhabitants), Olomouc (225.000 inhabitants), Zlin (198.000 inhabitants), Plzen (175.000 inhabitants), Ceske Budejovice (174.000 inhabitants), Hradec Kralove (164.000 inhabitants), Pardubice (163.000 inhabitants) and Liberek (160.000 inhabitants). 94% of the people are Czech, 4% are Slovaks and the rest are Germans and Polish. The regions with the biggest density of population are in Central Bohemia (over 150 inhabitants/km²) and in Northern and Southern Moravia (almost 200 inhabitants/km²). The most important religions are: Catholicism, Protestantism and Orthodoxies.
The country is a parliamentary republic according to the Constitutional Law. The legislative activity is exerted by the National Council and the executive by the Ministries Council named by the President. The political parties are 16 and some of them are: the Civic Movement, the Civic Democrat Party, the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia and the Czech Social Party.
The economy is based on industry and is one of the most developed countries from the ex-communist. 3/5 of the population works in industry and assures the biggest part of the incomes. The country also has various subsoil deposits of coal. The industries are: car, electronic equipments, agrarian cars, chemical, textile, glass, musical instruments, food and car construction. The agriculture is based on growing animals especially pigs and cows. The cultivated products are: cereals, fruits, potatoes and sugar cane. The tourism is also very important in the country's economy.