Surface: 56.568 km²
Population: 4.764.000 inhabitants
Density of population: 84 inhabitants/km²
Capital: Zagreb (1.172.000 inhabitants)
Official language: Croatian
Official currency: Croatian Dinar
Exported products: cereals, sugar cane, potatoes, tobacco, olives, grapes
Brut Intern Product: 7.110 $/inhabitant
State type: Republic
Geographical Characteristics :
The country is situated in the southern Europe in Balcanian Half-isle and has "V" letter form with the peak in the north side and between the two arms is situated Bosnia Herzegovina. The relief is divided in three regions: Inferior Croatia, Slavonia, with depressions near Drava and Sava's Valleys, a region part of Panonic Plain; Superior Croatia formed of Karlovac Depression and a
calcareous plateau nearby, plus a mountainous region which is parallel with Adriatic Sea coast (the maximum altitudes are in Vaganjski Vrh Peak, 1.758, in Velebit Mountainous and Troglav Peak, 1.913 m, in Dinaric Alps); coast region of Istria and Almatia which also contain 1.885 islands. The main rivers are Danube and its most important tributaries: Sava and Drava, which belong to Black Sea basin. The other rivers which belong to Adriatic Sea (38%) basin are shorter.
The climate is temperate-continental in the north of the country with a medium temperature of 10° C and an amount of rainfall between 900 and 1.000 mm annually. In the coast region there is a Mediterranean climate with a medium temperature of 15° C and a rainfall between 2.000 and 3.000 mm per year. The vegetation is represented by oak forests which occupy over 1/3 of the country's surface. The fauna is characteristic to central and Mediterranean Europe.
Population and Cities :
The capital of the country is Zagreb and has 1.172.000 inhabitants. The country has 4.764.000 inhabitants. The birth rate is 11.9Ã¢â‚¬Â° and the death rate is 11.2Ã¢â‚¬Â°. 51% of the population lives in cities. The most important cities are: Split (207.000 inhabitants), Rijeka (206.000 inhabitants), Osijek (165.000 inhabitants), Zadar (135.000 inhabitants) and Karlovac (81.000 inhabitants). 77.9% of the people are Croatian, 12.2 % are Serbians and 2.2% are Yugoslavians. The population is concentrated in the north of the country in the depressions regions where there are 33% people. The regions where the density of population is lower are the mountains.
The country is a parliamentary republic according to the Constitution in 1991. The legislative activity is exerted by a Trilateral Parliament, named Assembly, and the executive by a cabinet leaded and chosen by the Assembly. The political parties are 35 and some of them are: the Croatian Democrat Union, the Social Democrat Party, the Christian Democrat Party and the Democrat Croatian Party.
The country has a developed economy but was affected by the civil war. The mineral resources are poor, except petroleum, bauxite and natural gases. The processing industries are also developed and the main are: chemical, petroleum, naval constructions, wood and pharmaceutical products. The agriculture is based on cereals, sugar cane, potatoes, tobacco, olives and grapes cultures. Tourism has a great importance in economy and brings many incomes.