Bucharest is the capital city and industrial and commercial centre of Romania. It is located in the southeast of the country, and lies on the banks of the Dambovita River.
Bucharest was first mentioned in 1459 and became the capital of Romania in 1862. Since then, it has gone through a variety of changes and has become the centre of the Romanian mass media, cultural and arts scene. Its eclectic architecture, which is a mix of historical, Communist-era and modern, also reflects the city's varied history. In the period between the two World Wars, the city's elegant architecture and the sophistication of its elite gave Bucharest the nickname of the "Little Paris". Although much of the historic center was damaged or destroyed by war, earthquakes and Nicolae Ceausescu's program of systematiz
ation, much survived, and in recent years the city is experiencing an economic and cultural boom.
Economically, the city is by far the most prosperous in Romania and is one of the main industrial centres and transportation hubs of the region. As the most important city in Romania, Bucharest has a broad range of educational facilities.
The city is administratively known as the Municipality of Bucharest , and has the same administrative level as a county, being further subdivided into six sectors. The residents of Bucharest are most often known as Bucharesters in English, or Bucuresteni in Romanian.
Bucharest has a continental climate, characterised by hot dry summers and cold winters. Due to its position on the Romanian Plain, the city's winters could get windy, even though some of the winds are mitigated due to urbanisation. Winter temperatures are often below 0°C, even though they rarely drop below -10°C. In summer, the average temperature is approximately 23°C (the average for July and August), despite the fact that temperatures sometimes reach 35-40°C in mid-summer in the city centre.
Bucharest's economy is mainly centred on industry and services, with services particularly growing in importance in the last ten years. The city serves as the headquarters of 186,000 firms, including nearly all large Romanian companies.
Bucharest has a number of international supermarket chains such as Carrefour, Cora and METRO. At the moment, the city is undergoing a retail boom, with a large number of supermarkets, and hypermarkets, constructed every year. For more information, see supermarkets in Romania. The biggest modern shopping centres in Bucharest are Bucharest Mall, Plazza Romania, City Mall and Unirea Shopping Center. However, there are also a large number of traditional markets; the one at Obor covers about a dozen city blocks, and numerous large stores that are not officially part of the market effectively add up to a market district almost twice that size.
Bucharest has a complex city transit system, which combines buses, trolleybuses, trams and subways. The transit system covers virtually all areas of the city. It tends to be crowded during peak hours (6:00 AM to 8:30 AM and 3:00 PM to 5:30 PM).
There are five Maxi-Taxi routes connecting downtown with the main tourist attractions. Maxi-Taxis are 8 to 10 seats (white) vans that can be hailed like regular taxis. Tickets cost the equivalent of $0.40 and can be bought on board.
Bucharest is the most important centre for the Romanian mass media, since it is the headquarters of all the national television networks as well as national newspapers and radio stations.
Bucharest Info : wikipedia.org
Bucharest Image : liviuman.de